By Annisa Mutia
Food without salt taste less delicious. However, consuming too much salt can cause hypertension danger.
Table salt or salt in the sense of everyday is a type of salt which consists of mineral elements sodium (Na), aka sodium and chloride (Cl), which merged into a single molecule called sodium chloride (NaCl). The amount of sodium in table salt about 40 percent and the remaining chloride ions.
Sodium or sodium is needed by the body for metabolic processes, keeping the volume and blood pressure regulation, as well as muscle contraction and nerve cell transmission. Consumption of salt on each person recommended no more than 6 grams (equivalent to 1 teaspoon) every day. Based on Nutritional Guidelines for Balanced amount of 6 grams is equal to 2300 mg of sodium.
“Unfortunately a lot of people who unknowingly consume too much salt,” said Nutrifood Research Centre Program Development and Scientific Support, Fendy Susanto in the event Media Sharing ‘Salt and Hypertension’ in Penang Bistro Kebon Sirih, Jakarta, Wednesday (23/02/2011).
The reason, some food products mengandungn more than 2,300 mg of sodium. One of them is instant noodles, the salt content can reach 2400 mg of sodium. Meanwhile, beef burgers containing 551 mg natium, one piece of donut contains 260 mg sodium, one slice of sausage containing 750 mg sodium, one serving of noodles and meatballs containing 1518 mg of sodium.
Too much salt intake increases the risk of hypertension. High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition in which a person’s blood pressure above normal limits, ie above 120 mmHg for systolic (blood pressure when the heart pumps blood into the arteries), and 80 mmHg diastolic (blood pressure when the heart expands or relaxation) .
“Three out of ten people of Indonesia suffer from hypertension, and hypertension can cause heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and eye disease.,” Said Fendy.
Fendy explain the increase consumption of one-half teaspoon salt than the recommended limit of consumption can cause the systolic pressure rose by 5 points and diastolic pressure rose 3 points.While reducing the salt intake of less than 1 teaspoon to reduce systolic blood pressure as much as 7 points and diastolic pressure by 4 points.
“It’s not taste salty to be avoided, but sodium content (sodium),” said Fendy.
Fendy reveals there are five ways to reduce salt consumption.First, the consumption of more fresh produce and less processed foods. Second, limit the use of salt in your diet by replacing it with spices, Third, choose low-salt food products. Fourth, multiply the consumption of fruits and vegetables. Fifth, when should eat processed products, cerdaslah in reading labels.
“We recommend people maintain weight, reduce salt intake, exercising, not smoking, not drinking alcohol, and manage stress to reduce the risk of hypertension,” said Fendy.